The framework on which the Kids Thinking Critically program is taught is a list of “Thinking Errors” that are a common facet of cognitive psychotherapy.
The Thinking Errors are a list of ways that thought can go wrong and lead to negative thinking about one’s self-image or interpersonal relationships. Left unchecked, such negative thinking can become endemic and cyclical. The Errors offer a simple and efficient way to check one’s internal monologue for hiccups and correct accordingly.
The Thinking Errors are the basis of the Kids Thinking Critically Program. They make up the context in which basic reason skills and evidence-based thought are taught in the program because each is an easy-to-understand instance of one or more logical fallacies or cognitive biases.
Here follows the list of Thinking Errors. Each Error has its own page with three sections.
“In Therapy” describes what the error means to a cognitive therapist and gives examples of how a child might use it to engage or persist in negative thinking.
“In Critical Thinking” explains what fallacy and/or bias lies at the root of the Error and gives examples for how that it might play out in everyday life.
“Bridging the Gap” explains how the root fallacy/bias is at play when a child commits the Thinking Error, thus allowing an instructor to generalize from Thinking Errors about one’s own self-image to Thinking Errors about the world at large.